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How To Write a Conclusion for an Essay: Strategies and Techniques

Writing a conclusion for an essay can be challenging, but it is a crucial part of the overall structure. A well-crafted conclusion will summarize the key points of your essay, reinforce your thesis, and leave a lasting impression on the reader. This guide provides strategies and techniques for writing an effective conclusion for various types of essays, including argumentative and informative essays. 

Understanding the Purpose of a Conclusion

Understanding the Purpose of a Conclusion

Before diving into the techniques for writing a conclusion, it is essential to understand its purpose. The conclusion serves to:

  1. Summarize the Main Points: Reiterate the key arguments or points discussed in the essay.
  2. Restate the Thesis: Emphasize the main argument or thesis of the essay in a new light.
  3. Provide Closure: Bring the essay to a logical end without leaving the reader hanging.
  4. Leave a Lasting Impression: Offer a final thought or reflection that sticks with the reader.

Techniques for Writing an Effective Conclusion

1. Restate the Thesis

Begin your conclusion by restating your thesis statement. However, do not simply repeat it word for word. Instead, rephrase it to show how your argument has developed throughout the essay.


  • Original Thesis: “Climate change is a significant global issue that requires immediate action.”
  • Restated Thesis: “The urgency of addressing climate change cannot be overstated, as it poses a critical threat to our planet’s future.”

2. Summarize Key Points

Briefly summarize the main points you made in the body of your essay. This helps reinforce your argument and reminds the reader of the evidence you provided.

Example: “In conclusion, the evidence clearly shows that renewable energy sources, stricter environmental regulations, and individual actions are all crucial components in the fight against climate change.”

3. Synthesize, Don’t Summarize

Instead of merely summarizing the points, synthesize them. Show how they all connect and support your thesis. This demonstrates a deeper understanding and provides a more cohesive conclusion.

Example: “By integrating renewable energy into our daily lives, enforcing stricter regulations on pollution, and encouraging personal responsibility, we can collectively combat climate change and ensure a sustainable future.”

4. Answer the “So What?” Question

Address the significance of your argument. Please explain why the reader should care about your essay and its implications.

Example: “Understanding the impact of climate change and taking proactive steps to mitigate it is not just beneficial for the environment but is essential for the survival and well-being of future generations.”

5. Include a Call to Action

For persuasive or argumentative essays, consider including a call to action. Encourage your readers to take specific steps based on the information presented in your essay.

Example: “We must act now by supporting policies that promote renewable energy and reducing our carbon footprint. Every individual effort counts in making a significant difference.”

6. Use a Quotation

 Use a Quotation

Using a relevant quotation can add depth and credibility to your conclusion. Ensure the quote aligns with your thesis and enhances your argument.

Example: “As environmental activist Greta Thunberg once said, ‘You are never too small to make a difference.’ Let us all strive to be the change we wish to see in the world.”

7. Pose a Question

Ending with a rhetorical question can provoke further thought and leave a lasting impression on the reader.

Example: “Can we afford to ignore the pressing issue of climate change any longer, or will we rise to the challenge and take decisive action?”

The most common question is also that how to write a conclusion for an essay and what are it’s types. Below is the answer of your this most asked question. 

Writing Conclusions for Different Types of Essays

Argumentative Essays

The conclusion of an argumentative essay should reinforce your position and persuade the reader to adopt your viewpoint. It should reiterate the significance of your argument and suggest further implications or actions.

Example: “In conclusion, the overwhelming evidence supporting the benefits of renewable energy over fossil fuels highlights the urgent need for a global shift in energy policies. By investing in renewable resources, we protect our environment and create a sustainable future for generations to come.”

Informative Essays

Informative Essays

In an informative essay, the conclusion should summarize the key information presented and restate the topic’s importance. It should leave the reader with a clear understanding of the subject.

Example: “In summary, renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, and hydropower offer sustainable alternatives to fossil fuels. Understanding and implementing these alternatives is crucial for reducing our environmental impact and ensuring a greener future.”

Tips for Writing a Good Conclusion

Here below are the best tips for writing a good conclusion for an essay:-

  1. Keep It Concise: A conclusion should be brief and to the point. Avoid introducing new information or arguments.
  2. Maintain a Consistent Tone: Ensure the tone of your conclusion matches the rest of your essay. If your essay is formal, keep the conclusion formal as well. 
  3. Avoid Clichés: Phrases like “in conclusion” or “to sum up” can be redundant. Instead, transition smoothly into your concluding remarks.
  4. Reflect on the Introduction: To create a sense of completeness, consider linking back to your introduction by revisiting a story, question, or quote from the beginning. Additionally, explore how to write an introduction for an essay and its significance in setting the stage for your argument.

Examples of Conclusion Paragraphs

Here below are the few examples of how to write aconclusion paragraph for an essay

Example 1: Argumentative Essay

“Given the significant evidence supporting renewable energy, it is clear that a transition away from fossil fuels is necessary. Renewable energy has numerous benefits, from reducing greenhouse gas emissions to creating sustainable job opportunities. As we move forward, policymakers and individuals must prioritize renewable energy solutions. The future of our planet depends on the actions we take today.”

Example 2: Informative Essay

“In conclusion, renewable energy represents a viable and necessary alternative to traditional fossil fuels. The adoption of renewable energy technologies not only addresses environmental concerns but also offers economic and social benefits. We can create a more sustainable and resilient future by embracing these technologies. We must continue to educate ourselves and advocate for renewable energy solutions.”

Example 3: Reflective Essay

“Reflecting on the journey of transitioning to renewable energy, it is evident that change is challenging and rewarding. The shift requires a collective effort, but the positive outcomes for the environment and society are undeniable. As we look to the future, let us remain committed to sustainable practices and continue to innovate in the field of renewable energy.”


Writing a conclusion example for an essay involves summarizing the main points, restating the thesis, and providing a sense of closure. By using techniques such as synthesizing information, addressing the significance of your argument, and including a call to action, you can craft a compelling and memorable conclusion. Whether you are writing an argumentative, informative, or reflective essay, the strategies outlined in this guide, along with exploring essay writing services, will help you write a strong and effective conclusion. Remember, the conclusion is your final opportunity to leave a lasting impression on the reader, so make it count.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is the main purpose of a conclusion in an essay?

The main purpose of a conclusion is to summarize the essay’s main points, restate the thesis in a new light, provide closure, and leave a lasting impression on the reader. It ties all the key points together and emphasizes the significance of the arguments made in the essay.

How long should a conclusion be?

A conclusion should be concise, typically about 5-10% of the total essay length. For a standard five-paragraph essay, a conclusion paragraph is usually around 4-5 sentences long. However, the size can vary depending on the complexity and size of the essay.

Can I introduce new information in the conclusion?

No, you should avoid introducing new information or arguments in conclusion. The conclusion is meant to wrap up your essay rather than to present new ideas. Introducing new information can confuse the reader and detract from the main points of your essay.

What are some strategies to make my conclusion more impactful?

To make your conclusion more impactful, you can:

  • Restate your thesis in a new way to reinforce your argument.
  • Summarize the main points.
  • Synthesize the information rather than just summarizing it.
  • Address the significance of your argument (answer the “So what?” question)
  • Include a call to action if applicable.
  • End with a relevant quote or a rhetorical question to provoke further thought.

How can I ensure my conclusion provides a sense of closure?

To provide a sense of closure, you can:

  • Restate the thesis and main points to reinforce your argument.
  • Use transitional phrases to signal the end of the essay.
  • Avoid introducing new information.
  • Reflect on the introduction to create a sense of completeness.

Should I use transitional phrases in my conclusion?

Yes, transitional phrases can help signal to the reader that you are concluding the essay. Phrases like “In conclusion,” “To summarize,” “Overall,” or “Finally” can be useful. However, avoid overusing these phrases or making them too obvious.

Can I end my essay with a question?

Yes, ending your essay with a rhetorical question can be a powerful way to provoke further thought and leave a lasting impression on the reader. Make sure the question is relevant and ties back to your main argument.

Is it necessary to restate the thesis in the conclusion?

Yes, restating the thesis in the conclusion is important because it reinforces your main argument and reminds the reader of the central point of your essay. However, make sure to rephrase it rather than repeating it verbatim.

What is the difference between summarizing and synthesizing in a conclusion?

Summarizing involves briefly restating the essay’s main points, while synthesizing involves combining those points to show how they interconnect and support your thesis. Synthesizing demonstrates a deeper understanding and provides a more cohesive conclusion.

How can I create a lasting impression in my conclusion?

To create a lasting impression, you can:

  • End with a thought-provoking statement or question.
  • Use a relevant and powerful quote.
  • Suggest broader implications of your argument.
  • If applicable, include a call to action to encourage the reader to take specific steps.

Can I use quotes in my conclusion?

Using a relevant quote can add depth and credibility to your conclusion. Ensure the quote aligns with your thesis and enhances your argument rather than detracting from it.

How do I write a conclusion for different types of essays?

  • Argumentative Essay: Reinforce your position and persuade the reader to adopt your viewpoint. If appropriate, include a call to action.
  • Informative Essay: Summarize the key information and restate the importance of the topic, ensuring the reader understands the subject. 
  • Reflective Essay: Reflect on the main points and insights gained, linking them back to the overall theme or lesson.

By following these strategies and techniques, you can write effective conclusions for various essays and leave a lasting impression on your readers.

You can also visit my essay writer for such a same amazing content to boost up your learning. 


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