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Academic Writing

How to Write a Thesis Statement: A Step-by-Step Guide

Creating a thesis statement is an essential step in academic writing, yet it often proves to be a stumbling block for many students. Imagine trying to construct a building without a foundation; it’s bound to collapse. In the same way, your thesis statement serves as the foundation of your essay or research paper. It outlines your main point and guides your readers on what to expect as they navigate your work.

Without a strong thesis statement, your paper lacks direction and focus. The process may initially seem daunting, especially if you are a beginner or tackling a complex topic. However, crafting a powerful thesis statement doesn’t have to be a daunting task. This comprehensive guide aims to simplify the process for you. So let’s dive in and explore how to write thesis statement that will lay a robust foundation for your academic endeavors.

What Is a Thesis Statement?

The term ‘thesis statement’ can be somewhat intimidating, but it’s simpler than it sounds. A thesis statement is a single sentence that encapsulates the main point or argument you’ll be making in your paper.

Think of it as the heart of your essay or research paper, pumping life and direction into your work. This sentence provides a snapshot of what the reader can expect through your writing. It summarizes your argument, offers insight into your perspective, and provides a roadmap for the entire paper.

A well-crafted thesis statement makes it easier for you to organize your ideas and for your readers to understand them. So, it serves a dual purpose: providing a guide for you as you write and offering a roadmap for your readers as they read.

A thesis statement is not just a topic; it is a complete sentence that says something about that topic. It is not merely an observation; it’s a claim that you will back up with evidence and examples. For instance, stating that “The Internet has changed human life” would be a weak thesis statement because it simply describes a fact. A stronger thesis statement would be: “The Internet has revolutionized human life by democratizing information, fostering global connections, and transforming social interaction.”

Where to Place a Thesis Statement?

When crafting an essay or research paper, the placement of your thesis statement matters as much as the statement itself. Typically, you’ll find the thesis statement at the end of your introductory paragraph. This strategic placement serves several crucial functions.

First, it allows you to present background information or context before hitting the reader with your main point. Second, placing the thesis at the end of the introduction serves as a transition to the body of your paper, effectively signaling to the reader that the introduction is over and the core argument is about to begin. Whether you use a thesis generator or write yourself, a thesis statement has the same place.

Think of it as a guidepost that informs your reader, “Here’s what this paper will focus on, so pay attention.” While some exceptions may be based on stylistic preferences or specific assignment guidelines, adhering to this general rule of thumb will serve you well in most academic writing scenarios.

To reiterate, putting your thesis statement at the end of the introductory paragraph ensures that it is readily found by the reader, thereby providing a roadmap for the rest of your paper.

How to Write a Thesis Statement: Step-by-Step Guide

Step 1: Understand the Assignment

Before you embark on the journey of crafting your thesis statement, it’s imperative that you fully grasp the assignment’s requirements. Take time to read through the assignment prompt multiple times. If there are any terms or phrases you don’t understand, don’t hesitate to consult your instructor or classmates.

Misunderstanding the assignment could result in an off-target thesis statement, undermining the entire essay or research paper. Some assignments are more straightforward than others. For instance, if you’re asked to analyze a particular issue, your thesis will naturally lean towards an analytical style. Knowing the assignment’s objectives inside-out is the first cornerstone in writing a relevant and strong thesis statement.

Step 2: Conduct Preliminary Research

Jumping straight into writing a thesis statement without first conducting some basic research is like trying to hit a target in the dark; you’re setting yourself up for failure. Use academic databases, reputable journals, and other credible sources to gather information about your topic.

This preliminary research will provide the background to understand the various perspectives on the topic and help you form your viewpoint. Understanding the nuances of your topic will allow you to craft a thesis statement that is strong but also compelling and well-informed.

Step 3: Identify Your Main Point

Now that you have conducted preliminary research, it’s time to hone in on your main point. This is essentially what you’re trying to argue or convey in your paper. Remember, your thesis statement isn’t just stating a fact; it’s making a claim that you will back up with evidence later on. It should be something you can support through your research or logical reasoning.

Identifying your main point might require some brainstorming and plenty of introspection. The clearer your main point, the clearer your thesis statement—and the easier it will be to write the rest of your paper.

Step 4: Write a Draft

When you clearly understand the assignment, have conducted your preliminary research, and have identified your main point, you’re ready to draft your thesis statement. Don’t aim for perfection here; your goal is to get your ideas down in one clear and concise sentence. This draft gives you something to work with and build upon. It serves as the backbone of your paper, helping you and your readers stay focused. Keep it simple but clear; complexity at this stage can only make the process more challenging.

Step 5: Be Specific

Ambiguity is the enemy when you’re writing a thesis statement. Your statement should be as specific as possible, summarizing your main point in a way that clarifies what your paper will be about.

Now is the time to refine your draft and flesh out your thesis statement by adding elements that make it more specific. This could include clarifying your position, indicating the significance of your claim, or even specifying the groups or individuals your claim pertains to.

For example, instead of saying, “Social media has impacted human interaction,” you could say, “Social media has negatively impacted the quality of human interaction among teenagers.”

Step 6: Use Active Voice

Active voice tends to be more direct and clearer than passive voice, often making sentences harder to follow. For instance, instead of saying, “It is believed by many that climate change is caused by human activity,” you can more effectively say, “Many believe that human activity causes climate change.” Active voice focuses on the subject and action, making your thesis statement more impactful and easier to understand.

Step 7: Revise

Your first draft is just that—a draft. It’s rare to get a thesis statement perfect on the first try. Be prepared to revise it multiple times to align it more closely with your paper’s objectives. Each revision should refine your thesis, making it clearer, stronger, and more aligned with the content of your paper. Revising also allows you to clarify your argument and eliminate any ambiguities that might confuse your readers.

Step 8: Get Feedback

Once you’ve revised your thesis statement to your satisfaction, it’s always a good idea to get feedback before finalizing it. Consult with your instructor, classmates, or academic advisors. They can offer a fresh perspective and may catch mistakes or ambiguities you didn’t notice. Feedback can also provide insights that help you further strengthen your thesis statement.

By following these eight steps in a focused and methodical manner, you can demystify the process of writing a thesis statement. It may seem like a formidable task at first, but it becomes much more manageable and achievable with patience, diligence, and a systematic approach.

Types of Thesis Statements:

When writing a thesis statement, it’s crucial to understand that not all are created equal. The type of thesis statement you choose depends on the kind of paper you’re writing. You can specify the type to thesis writing services you have hired. Here are the most common types:

Analytical Thesis Statement: In an analytical paper, you are breaking down an issue into its components, evaluating the issue, and presenting this breakdown and evaluation to the audience. An example would be, “The rise of gig economy jobs can be attributed to technological advances, changing workforce demographics, and shifting societal attitudes towards flexible work schedules.”

Expository Thesis Statement: This type is usually found in expository essays where the goal is to explain a topic in a straightforward and logical manner. For example, “The process of photosynthesis involves several steps, including light absorption, carbon dioxide intake, and oxygen release.”

Argumentative Thesis Statement: Here, you’re making a claim that you will back up with evidence. For instance, “Governments should invest more in renewable energy sources because they are more sustainable and less harmful to the environment than fossil fuels.”

Compare and Contrast Thesis Statement: This type is often used in compare-and-contrast essays to show how two subjects are similar and different. For example, “Although both fruits, apples and oranges differ in taste, texture, and nutritional value.”

You can more effectively convey your message by identifying the thesis statement you need to write. Tailoring your thesis statement to suit the style of your paper can make a significant difference in how your readers receive and understand your points.

Qualities of a Strong Thesis Statement

Clarity and Conciseness

Clarity in a thesis statement means that the main idea you’re trying to convey is understandable at first glance. There should be no ambiguity that leaves the reader guessing what you’re trying to say. Being concise is also important.

Long, complex sentences can confuse readers. A concise thesis statement gets straight to the point, allowing the reader to quickly understand your stance. This focused approach ensures that your audience immediately grasps your argument, setting a clear direction for the remainder of your paper.


A specific thesis statement is like a roadmap for your readers; it tells them what to expect as they read your paper. General or vague statements don’t provide much guidance. Instead of saying, “Technology has changed our lives,” you could say, “The advent of smartphones has drastically altered our daily routines by making access to information instant.”

The latter not only specifies the type of technology but also how it has changed daily routines, offering a clear guidepost for both you as the writer and your audience.


A thesis statement should present a claim or an argument that invites debate or discussion. If your thesis statement is universally agreed upon, then there’s little to argue or discuss. For example, saying, “Pollution is bad for the environment,” is not arguable because it’s a widely accepted fact. Instead, you might say, “Government regulations on pollution are insufficient and fail to protect vulnerable communities.” This statement presents a claim that people can argue for or against, thus adding depth and substance to your paper.


Relevance ensures that your thesis statement is tightly connected to the topic and directly answers the assignment or essay question. If your paper is about the impact of social media on mental health, a thesis statement about the economic benefits of social media would be irrelevant. Always align your thesis with the main theme and objectives of your paper. A relevant thesis makes for a coherent and focused essay or research paper.

Supported by Evidence

A strong thesis statement is not just a statement of your opinion; it should be a claim you can back up with concrete evidence. Your thesis should have a solid foundation, whether it’s data from a scientific study, expert quotations, or real-world examples. This lends credibility to your thesis and makes it more compelling. Remember, a thesis without evidence is just an unsupported opinion and will not stand up to scrutiny.


A coherent thesis statement logically flows with the rest of your paper. It should harmonize with your introduction, conclusion, and topic sentences. Think of your thesis as the backbone of your paper; all other parts must connect to it meaningfully. A coherent thesis statement sets the stage for a well-structured, logical argument throughout your paper.


While your thesis statement doesn’t need to present a groundbreaking revelation, it should offer a fresh perspective or a new interpretation of existing data or viewpoints. Originality sets your paper apart and engages your reader.

Even discussing a well-trodden issue, try to find a unique angle that offers something new. For example, if you’re writing about gender roles, instead of stating, “Gender roles have changed over time,” you could say, “The concept of masculinity has evolved more slowly compared to femininity over the past fifty years.”


How Long Should a Thesis Statement Be?

The length of a thesis statement can vary, but it’s generally comprised of one to two sentences. The key is to be as clear and specific as possible while conveying your main point effectively. Overlong thesis statements can confuse the reader or muddy the main point.

Conversely, too short a thesis may lack sufficient information to give the reader an idea of what the paper is about. Aim for a thesis statement that is concise yet comprehensive enough to cover the main point or argument you will discuss in your paper.

Where Does the Thesis Statement Go?

The thesis statement typically appears at the end of the introduction paragraph in an academic essay or research paper. Its placement here allows it to introduce the main point and set the tone for the rest of the paper.

The introduction captures the reader’s attention and provides some background on the topic, leading naturally into the thesis statement, which then transitions the reader into the body of the paper. It serves as a bridge between the general topic at the beginning and the specific content that is to follow.

How Do I Know if My Thesis is Strong?

Determining the strength of your thesis statement involves checking for several key qualities: clarity, conciseness, specificity, arguability, relevance, and evidence backing. If your thesis statement clearly communicates your paper’s main point and does so in a concise way, it’s off to a strong start.

Can a Thesis Statement Be a Question?

While thesis statements are traditionally declarative sentences, using a rhetorical question as a thesis statement can sometimes be effective. However, this approach is often considered less formal and may not be suitable for scholarly papers. The objective of a thesis statement is to make a claim, and questions generally do not accomplish that.

When Should I Write My Thesis Statement?

It’s often beneficial to draft a preliminary thesis statement before you begin your research, as it can guide your information gathering. However, be prepared to revise or even rewrite your thesis after reviewing your research findings. It’s not uncommon for a thesis to evolve as the paper develops.


Writing a thesis statement is far from a trivial endeavor; it’s an essential component that determines the strength and focus of your academic paper. Every step is crucial, from understanding a thesis statement to knowing where to place it, from identifying the types to realizing the qualities of a robust statement.

When crafted carefully, your thesis statement can serve as a powerful tool that outlines your main point and sets the tone and direction for the entire paper. Remember, your thesis is like a mini-summary of your paper. It prepares the reader for what’s to come and offers a concise but complete overview of your argument.

Take your time, revise multiple times, and don’t hesitate to seek feedback. Once your thesis statement is strong and clear, you’ll find that the rest of your paper comes together more easily, helping you excel in your academic endeavors.

If you are burdened with other academic tasks and finding it difficult to start with your thesis writing, hiring a My Essay Writer can be a big sigh of relief. From writing good thesis statements to well-researched essays, they offer it all!


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